Source code for obspy.clients.seedlink.easyseedlink

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
A simplified interface to the obspy.clients.seedlink module.

The :class:`~.EasySeedLinkClient` class contained in this module provides a
more pythonic interface to the :mod:`obspy.clients.seedlink` module with a
focus on ease of use, while minimizing unnecessary exposure of the protocol

A client object can easily be created using the :func:`~.create_client`
function, e.g. by providing a function to handle incoming data and a server

.. code-block:: python

    from obspy.clients.seedlink.easyseedlink import create_client

    # A function to handle incoming data
    def handle_data(trace):
        print('Received the following trace:')

    # Create the client and pass the function as a callback
    client = create_client('', on_data=handle_data)
    client.select_stream('BW', 'MANZ', 'EHZ')

For advanced applications, subclassing the :class:`~.EasySeedLinkClient` class
allows for more flexibility. See the :class:`~.EasySeedLinkClient`
documentation for an example.

.. note::

    For finer grained control of the SeedLink connection (e.g. custom
    processing of individual SeedLink packets), using
    or :class:`~obspy.clients.seedlink.slclient.SLClient` directly might be the
    preferred option.

.. rubric:: Limitations

As of now, single station mode is not supported. Neither are in-stream ``INFO``

The client is using the
class and hence inherits all of its limitations. For example, erroneous packets
are only logged, but otherwise ignored, with no possibility of handling them
explicitly. Keepalive handling is completely encapsulated inside the
connection object and cannot be easily influenced. Also, a ``HELLO`` is always
sent to the server when connecting in order to determine the SeedLink protocol
from __future__ import (absolute_import, division, print_function,
from future.builtins import *  # NOQA
from future.utils import native_str

import sys

if sys.version_info.major == 2:
    from urlparse import urlparse
    from urllib.parse import urlparse

import lxml

from .client.seedlinkconnection import SeedLinkConnection
from .client.slstate import SLState
from .slpacket import SLPacket

[docs]class EasySeedLinkClientException(Exception): """ A base exception for all errors triggered explicitly by EasySeedLinkClient. """ # XXX Base on SeedLinkException? pass
[docs]class EasySeedLinkClient(object): """ An easy-to-use SeedLink client. This class is meant to be used as a base class, with a subclass implementing one or more of the callbacks (most usefully the :meth:`~.EasySeedLinkClient.on_data` callback). See the :ref:`ObsPy Tutorial <seedlink-tutorial>` for a detailed example. .. rubric:: Example .. code-block:: python # Subclass the client class class MyClient(EasySeedLinkClient): # Implement the on_data callback def on_data(self, trace): print('Received trace:') print(trace) # Connect to a SeedLink server client = MyClient('') # Retrieve INFO:STREAMS streams_xml = client.get_info('STREAMS') print(streams_xml) # Select a stream and start receiving data client.select_stream('BW', 'RJOB', 'EHZ') .. rubric:: Implementation The EasySeedLinkClient uses the :class:`~obspy.clients.seedlink.client.seedlinkconnection.SeedLinkConnection` object. (It is not based on :class:`~obspy.clients.seedlink.slclient.SLClient`.) :type server_url: str :param server_url: The SeedLink server URL :type autoconnect: bool :param autoconnect: Connect to the server when the client object is created; default is True. .. warning:: The SeedLink connection only fails on connection errors if the connection was started explicitly, either when ``autoconnect`` is ``True`` or by calling :meth:`~.EasySeedLinkClient.connect` explicitly. Otherwise the client might get stuck in an infinite reconnect loop if there are connection problems (e.g. connect, timeout, reconnect, timeout, ...). This might be intended behavior in some situations. """
[docs] def __init__(self, server_url, autoconnect=True): # Catch invalid server_url parameters if not isinstance(server_url, (str, native_str)): raise ValueError('Expected string for SeedLink server URL') # Allow for sloppy server URLs (e.g. ' # (According to RFC 1808 the net_path segment needs to start with '//' # and this is expected by the urlparse function, so it is silently # added if it was omitted by the user.) if '://' not in server_url and not server_url.startswith('//'): server_url = '//' + server_url parsed_url = urlparse(server_url, scheme='seedlink') # Check the provided scheme if not parsed_url.scheme == 'seedlink': msg = 'Unsupported scheme %s (expected "seedlink")' % \ parsed_url.scheme raise EasySeedLinkClientException(msg) if not parsed_url.hostname: msg = 'No host name provided' raise EasySeedLinkClientException(msg) self.server_hostname = parsed_url.hostname self.server_port = parsed_url.port or 18000 self.conn = SeedLinkConnection() self.conn.set_sl_address('%s:%d' % (self.server_hostname, self.server_port)) if autoconnect: self.connect() # A flag to indicate if the client has entered streaming mode self.__streaming_started = False self.__capabilities = None
[docs] def connect(self): """ Connect to the SeedLink server. """ # XXX Check if already connected? self.conn.connect() self.conn.state.state = SLState.SL_UP
[docs] def get_info(self, level): """ Send a SeedLink ``INFO`` command and retrieve response. Available info levels depend on the server implementation. Usually one of ``ID``, ``CAPABILITIES``, ``STATIONS``, ``STREAMS``, ``GAPS``, ``CONNECTIONS``, ``ALL``. As a convenience, the server's ``CAPABILITIES`` can be accessed through the client's :attr:`~.EasySeedLinkClient.capabilities` attribute. .. note:: This is a synchronous call. While the client waits for the response, other packets the server might potentially send will be disregarded. :type level: str :param level: The INFO level to retrieve (sent as ``INFO:LEVEL``) """ if self.__streaming_started: msg = 'Method not available after SeedLink connection has ' + \ 'entered streaming mode.' raise EasySeedLinkClientException(msg) # Send the INFO request self.conn.request_info(level) # Wait for full response while True: data = self.conn.collect() if data == SLPacket.SLTERMINATE: msg = 'SeedLink connection terminated while expecting ' + \ 'INFO response' raise EasySeedLinkClientException(msg) elif data == SLPacket.SLERROR: msg = 'Unknown error occured while expecting INFO response' raise EasySeedLinkClientException(msg) # Wait for the terminated INFO response packet_type = data.get_type() if packet_type == SLPacket.TYPE_SLINFT: return self.conn.get_info_string()
@property def capabilities(self): """ The server's capabilities, parsed from ``INFO:CAPABILITIES`` (cached). """ if self.__capabilities is None: self.__capabilities = [] capabilities_xml = self.get_info('CAPABILITIES') # The INFO response should be encoded in UTF-8. However, if the # encoding is given in the XML header (e.g. by IRIS Ringserver), # lxml accepts byte input only (and raises a ValueError otherwise.) # # Example XML header with encoding: # <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> try: root = lxml.etree.fromstring(capabilities_xml) except ValueError: root = lxml.etree.fromstring(capabilities_xml.encode('UTF-8')) nodes = root.findall('capability') for node in nodes: self.__capabilities.append(node.attrib['name'].lower()) return self.__capabilities
[docs] def has_capability(self, capability): """ Check if the SeedLink server has a certain capability. The capabilities are fetched using an ``INFO:CAPABILITIES`` request. :type capability: str :param capability: The capability to check for :rtype: bool :return: Whether the server has the given capability """ return capability.lower() in self.capabilities
[docs] def has_info_capability(self, capability): """ A shortcut for checking for ``INFO`` capabilities. Calling this is equivalent to calling :meth:`~.EasySeedLinkClient.has_capability` with ``'info:' + capability``. .. rubric:: Example .. code-block:: python # Check if the server has the INFO:STREAMS capability client.has_info_capability('STREAMS') :type capability: str :param capability: The ``INFO`` capability to check for :rtype: bool :return: Whether the server has the given ``INFO`` capability """ return self.has_capability('info:' + capability)
[docs] def _send_and_recv(self, bytes_, stop_on=[b'END']): """ Send a command to the server and read the response. The response is read until a packet is received that ends with one of the provided stop words. .. warning:: If the server doesn't send one of the stop words, this never returns! :type bytes_: str (Python 2) or bytes (Python 3) :param bytes_: The bytes to send to the server :type stop_on: list :param stop_on: A list of strings that indicate the end of the server response. :rtype: str (Python 2) or bytes (Python 3) :return: The server's response """ if not bytes_.endswith(b'\r'): bytes_ += b"\r" if not type(stop_on) is list: stop_on = [stop_on] for i, stopword in enumerate(stop_on): if not type(stopword) == bytes: stop_on[i] = stopword.encode() self.conn.socket.send(bytes_) response = bytearray() while True: bytes_read = self.conn.socket.recv( SeedLinkConnection.DFT_READBUF_SIZE) if not bytes_read: break response += bytes_read for stopword in stop_on: if response.endswith(stopword): # Collapse the bytearray return bytes(response)
[docs] def _get_cat(self): """ Send the CAT command to a server and receive the answer. This can potentially be used for older SeedLink servers that don't support the ``INFO:STREAMS`` command yet. """ # Quick hack, but works so far ringserver_error = 'CAT command not implemented\r\n' response = self._send_and_recv('CAT', ['END', ringserver_error]) if response == ringserver_error: raise EasySeedLinkClientException(ringserver_error.strip()) return response
[docs] def select_stream(self, net, station, selector=None): """ Select a stream for data transfer. This method can be called once or multiple times as needed. A subsequent call to the :meth:`` method starts the streaming process. .. note:: Selecting a stream always puts the SeedLink connection in *multi-station mode*, even if only a single stream is selected. *Uni-station mode* is not supported. :type net: str :param net: The network id :type station: str :param station: The station id :type selectors: str :param selector: a valid SeedLink selector, e.g. ``EHZ`` or ``EH?`` """ if not self.has_capability('multistation'): msg = 'SeedLink server does not support multi-station mode' raise EasySeedLinkClientException(msg) if self.__streaming_started: msg = 'Adding streams is not supported after the SeedLink ' + \ 'connection has entered streaming mode.' raise EasySeedLinkClientException(msg) self.conn.add_stream(net, station, selector, seqnum=-1, timestamp=None)
[docs] def run(self): """ Start streaming data from the SeedLink server. Streams need to be selected using :meth:`~.EasySeedLinkClient.select_stream` before this is called. This method enters an infinite loop, calling the client's callbacks when events occur. """ # Note: This somewhat resembles the run() method in SLClient. # Check if any streams have been specified (otherwise this will result # in an infinite reconnect loop in the SeedLinkConnection) if not len(self.conn.streams): msg = 'No streams specified. Use select_stream() to select ' + \ 'a stream.' raise EasySeedLinkClientException(msg) self.__streaming_started = True # Start the collection loop while True: data = self.conn.collect() if data == SLPacket.SLTERMINATE: self.on_terminate() break elif data == SLPacket.SLERROR: self.on_seedlink_error() continue # At this point the received data should be a SeedLink packet # XXX In SLClient there is a check for data == None, but I think # there is no way that self.conn.collect() can ever return None assert(isinstance(data, SLPacket)) packet_type = data.get_type() # Ignore in-stream INFO packets (not supported) if packet_type not in (SLPacket.TYPE_SLINF, SLPacket.TYPE_SLINFT): # The packet should be a data packet trace = data.get_trace() # Pass the trace to the on_data callback self.on_data(trace)
[docs] def close(self): """ Close the SeedLink connection. .. note:: Closing the connection is not threadsafe yet. Client code must ensure that :meth:`` and :meth:`SeedLinkConnection.terminate() <obspy.clients.seedlink.client.seedlinkconnection.SeedLinkConnection.terminate>` are not being called after the connection has been closed. See the corresponding `GitHub issue <>`_ for details. """ self.conn.disconnect()
[docs] def on_terminate(self): """ Callback for handling connection termination. A termination event can either be triggered by the SeedLink server explicitly terminating the connection (by sending an ``END`` packet in streaming mode) or by the :meth:`~obspy.clients.seedlink.client.seedlinkconnection.SeedLinkConnection.terminate` method of the :class:`~obspy.clients.seedlink.client.seedlinkconnection.SeedLinkConnection` object being called. """ pass
[docs] def on_data(self, trace): """ Callback for handling the reception of waveform data. Override this for data streaming. :type trace: :class:`~obspy.core.trace.Trace` :param trace: The trace received from the server """ pass
[docs]def create_client(server_url, on_data=None, on_seedlink_error=None, on_terminate=None): """ Quickly create an EasySeedLinkClient instance. .. rubric:: Example .. code-block:: python >>> from obspy.clients.seedlink.easyseedlink import create_client >>> def handle_data(trace): ... print('Received new data:') ... print(trace) ... print() ... >>> client = create_client('', ... handle_data) # doctest: +SKIP >>> client.select_stream('BW', 'MANZ', 'EHZ') # doctest: +SKIP >>> # doctest: +SKIP .. note:: The methods passed to the :func:`create_client` function are not bound to the client instance, i.e. they do not have access to the instance via the ``self`` attribute. To get a bound method, the client class can be subclassed and the method overridden. :type server_url: str :param server_url: The SeedLink server URL :type on_data: function or callable :param on_data: A function or callable that is called for every new trace received from the server; needs to accept one argument (the trace); default is ``None`` :type on_seedlink_error: function or callable :param on_seedlink_error: A function or callable that is called when a SeedLink ERROR response is received (see the :meth:`~.EasySeedLinkClient.on_seedlink_error` method for details); default is ``None`` :type on_terminate: function or callable :param on_terminate: A function or callable that is called when the connection is terminated (see the :meth:`~.EasySeedLinkClient.on_terminate` method for details); default is ``None`` """ client = EasySeedLinkClient(server_url, autoconnect=False) not_callable_error = 'A callable must be passed to %s' if on_data is not None: if not callable(on_data): raise EasySeedLinkClientException(not_callable_error % 'on_data') client.on_data = on_data if on_seedlink_error is not None: if not callable(on_seedlink_error): raise EasySeedLinkClientException(not_callable_error % 'on_seedlink_error') client.on_seedlink_error = on_seedlink_error if on_terminate is not None: if not callable(on_terminate): raise EasySeedLinkClientException(not_callable_error % 'on_terminate') client.on_terminate = on_terminate client.connect() return client