obspy.core.inventory - Classes for handling station metadata¶
This module provides a class hierarchy to consistently handle station metadata. This class hierarchy is closely modelled after the upcoming de-facto standard format FDSN StationXML which was developed as a human readable XML replacement for Dataless SEED.
IRIS is maintaining a Java tool for converting dataless SEED into StationXML and vice versa at https://seiscode.iris.washington.edu/projects/stationxml-converter
|copyright:||The ObsPy Development Team (email@example.com) & Chad Trabant|
|license:||GNU Lesser General Public License, Version 3 (https://www.gnu.org/copyleft/lesser.html)|
>>> from obspy import read_inventory >>> inv = read_inventory("/path/to/BW_RJOB.xml") >>> inv <obspy.core.inventory.inventory.Inventory object at 0x...> >>> print(inv) Inventory created at 2013-12-07T18:00:42.878000Z Created by: fdsn-stationxml-converter/1.0.0 http://www.iris.edu/fdsnstationconverter Sending institution: Erdbebendienst Bayern Contains: Networks (1): BW Stations (1): BW.RJOB (Jochberg, Bavaria, BW-Net) Channels (3): BW.RJOB..EHE, BW.RJOB..EHN, BW.RJOB..EHZ
The file format in principle is autodetected. However, the autodetection uses the official StationXML XSD schema and unfortunately many real world files currently show minor deviations from the official StationXML definition causing the autodetection to fail. Thus, manually specifying the format is a good idea:
>>> inv = read_inventory("/path/to/BW_RJOB.xml", format="STATIONXML")
The Inventory class has a hierarchical structure, starting with a list of Networks, each containing a list of Stations which again each contain a list of Channels. The Responses are attached to the channels as an attribute.
>>> net = inv >>> net <obspy.core.inventory.network.Network object at 0x...> >>> print(net) Network BW (BayernNetz) Station Count: None/None (Selected/Total) None - Access: None Contains: Stations (1): BW.RJOB (Jochberg, Bavaria, BW-Net) Channels (3): BW.RJOB..EHZ, BW.RJOB..EHN, BW.RJOB..EHE
>>> sta = net >>> print(sta) Station RJOB (Jochberg, Bavaria, BW-Net) Station Code: RJOB Channel Count: None/None (Selected/Total) 2007-12-17T00:00:00.000000Z - Access: None Latitude: 47.74, Longitude: 12.80, Elevation: 860.0 m Available Channels: RJOB..EHZ, RJOB..EHN, RJOB..EHE
>>> cha = sta >>> print(cha) Channel 'EHZ', Location '' Timerange: 2007-12-17T00:00:00.000000Z - -- Latitude: 47.74, Longitude: 12.80, Elevation: 860.0 m, Local Depth: 0.0 m Azimuth: 0.00 degrees from north, clockwise Dip: -90.00 degrees down from horizontal Channel types: TRIGGERED, GEOPHYSICAL Sampling Rate: 200.00 Hz Sensor: Streckeisen STS-2/N seismometer Response information available
>>> print(cha.response) Channel Response From M/S (Velocity in Meters Per Second) to COUNTS (Digital Counts) Overall Sensitivity: 2.5168e+09 defined at 0.020 Hz 4 stages: Stage 1: PolesZerosResponseStage from M/S to V, gain: 1500 Stage 2: CoefficientsTypeResponseStage from V to COUNTS, gain: 1.67... Stage 3: FIRResponseStage from COUNTS to COUNTS, gain: 1 Stage 4: FIRResponseStage from COUNTS to COUNTS, gain: 1
Preview plots of station map and instrument response¶
For station metadata, preview plot routines for geographic location of stations as well as bode plots for channel instrument response information are available. The routines for station map plots are:
>>> from obspy import read_inventory >>> inv = read_inventory() >>> inv.plot()
The routines for bode plots of channel instrument response are:
>>> from obspy import read_inventory >>> inv = read_inventory() >>> resp = inv.response >>> resp.plot(0.001, output="VEL")
For more examples see the Obspy Gallery.
Dealing with the Response information¶
The get_evalresp_response() method will call some functions within evalresp to generate the response.
>>> response = cha.response >>> response, freqs = response.get_evalresp_response(0.1, 16384, output="VEL") >>> print(response) [ 0.00000000e+00 +0.00000000e+00j -1.36383361e+07 +1.42086194e+06j -5.36470300e+07 +1.13620679e+07j ..., 2.48907496e+09 -3.94151237e+08j 2.48906963e+09 -3.94200472e+08j 2.48906430e+09 -3.94249707e+08j]
Some convenience methods to perform an instrument correction on Stream (and Trace) objects are available and most users will want to use those. The attach_response() method will attach matching responses to each trace if they are available within the inventory object. The remove_response() method deconvolves the instrument response in-place. As always see the corresponding docs pages for a full list of options and a more detailed explanation.
>>> from obspy import read >>> st = read() >>> inv = read_inventory("/path/to/BW_RJOB.xml") >>> st.attach_response(inv)  >>> st.remove_response(output="VEL", water_level=20) <obspy.core.stream.Stream object at 0x...>
Inventory objects can be exported to StationXML files, e.g. after making modifications.
>>> inv.write('my_inventory.xml', format='STATIONXML')