Source code for obspy.core.event.event

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""
obspy.core.event.event - The Event class definition
===================================================
This module provides a class hierarchy to consistently handle event metadata.
This class hierarchy is closely modelled after the de-facto standard format
`QuakeML <https://quake.ethz.ch/quakeml/>`_.

.. note::

    For handling additional information not covered by the QuakeML standard and
    how to output it to QuakeML see the :ref:`ObsPy Tutorial <quakeml-extra>`.

:copyright:
    The ObsPy Development Team (devs@obspy.org)
:license:
    GNU Lesser General Public License, Version 3
    (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/lesser.html)
"""
from __future__ import (absolute_import, division, print_function,
                        unicode_literals)
from future.builtins import *  # NOQA
import copy

from obspy.core.event.header import (
    EventType, EventTypeCertainty, EventDescriptionType)
from obspy.core.util.decorator import rlock
from obspy.imaging.source import plot_radiation_pattern, _setup_figure_and_axes


from .base import (_event_type_class_factory,
                   CreationInfo, ResourceIdentifier)


__Event = _event_type_class_factory(
    "__Event",
    class_attributes=[("resource_id", ResourceIdentifier),
                      ("event_type", EventType),
                      ("event_type_certainty", EventTypeCertainty),
                      ("creation_info", CreationInfo),
                      ("preferred_origin_id", ResourceIdentifier),
                      ("preferred_magnitude_id", ResourceIdentifier),
                      ("preferred_focal_mechanism_id", ResourceIdentifier)],
    class_contains=['event_descriptions', 'comments', 'picks', 'amplitudes',
                    'focal_mechanisms', 'origins', 'magnitudes',
                    'station_magnitudes'])


[docs]class Event(__Event): """ The class Event describes a seismic event which does not necessarily need to be a tectonic earthquake. An event is usually associated with one or more origins, which contain information about focal time and geographical location of the event. Multiple origins can cover automatic and manual locations, a set of location from different agencies, locations generated with different location programs and earth models, etc. Furthermore, an event is usually associated with one or more magnitudes, and with one or more focal mechanism determinations. :type resource_id: :class:`~obspy.core.event.base.ResourceIdentifier` :param resource_id: Resource identifier of Event. :type force_resource_id: bool, optional :param force_resource_id: If set to False, the automatic initialization of `resource_id` attribute in case it is not specified will be skipped. :type event_type: str, optional :param event_type: Describes the type of an event. See :class:`~obspy.core.event.header.EventType` for allowed values. :type event_type_certainty: str, optional :param event_type_certainty: Denotes how certain the information on event type is. See :class:`~obspy.core.event.header.EventTypeCertainty` for allowed values. :type creation_info: :class:`~obspy.core.event.base.CreationInfo`, optional :param creation_info: Creation information used to describe author, version, and creation time. :type event_descriptions: list of :class:`~obspy.core.event.event.EventDescription` :param event_descriptions: Additional event description, like earthquake name, Flinn-Engdahl region, etc. :type comments: list of :class:`~obspy.core.event.base.Comment`, optional :param comments: Additional comments. :type picks: list of :class:`~obspy.core.event.origin.Pick` :param picks: Picks associated with the event. :type amplitudes: list of :class:`~obspy.core.event.magnitude.Amplitude` :param amplitudes: Amplitudes associated with the event. :type focal_mechanisms: list of :class:`~obspy.core.event.source.FocalMechanism` :param focal_mechanisms: Focal mechanisms associated with the event :type origins: list of :class:`~obspy.core.event.origin.Origin` :param origins: Origins associated with the event. :type magnitudes: list of :class:`~obspy.core.event.magnitude.Magnitude` :param magnitudes: Magnitudes associated with the event. :type station_magnitudes: list of :class:`~obspy.core.event.magnitude.StationMagnitude` :param station_magnitudes: Station magnitudes associated with the event. .. note:: For handling additional information not covered by the QuakeML standard and how to output it to QuakeML see the :ref:`ObsPy Tutorial <quakeml-extra>`. """ do_not_warn_on = ["_format", "extra"]
[docs] def short_str(self): """ Returns a short string representation of the current Event. Example: Time | Lat | Long | Magnitude of the first origin, e.g. 2011-03-11T05:46:24.120000Z | +38.297, +142.373 | 9.1 MW """ out = '' origin = None if self.origins: origin = self.preferred_origin() or self.origins[0] # get lat, lon, time and handle if any are None (#2119) lat, lon, time = origin.latitude, origin.longitude, origin.time lat_str = '%+7.3f' % lat if lat is not None else 'None' lon_str = '%+8.3f' % lon if lon is not None else 'None' out += '%s | %s, %s' % (time, lat_str, lon_str) if self.magnitudes: magnitude = self.preferred_magnitude() or self.magnitudes[0] out += ' | %s %-2s' % (magnitude.mag, magnitude.magnitude_type) if origin and origin.evaluation_mode: out += ' | %s' % (origin.evaluation_mode) return out
[docs] def __str__(self): """ Print a short summary at the top. """ return "Event:\t%s\n\n%s" % ( self.short_str(), "\n".join(super(Event, self).__str__().split("\n")[1:]))
[docs] def _repr_pretty_(self, p, cycle): p.text(str(self))
[docs] def __repr__(self): return super(Event, self).__str__(force_one_line=True)
[docs] def preferred_origin(self): """ Returns the preferred origin """ if self.preferred_origin_id is None: return None return self.preferred_origin_id.get_referred_object()
[docs] def preferred_magnitude(self): """ Returns the preferred magnitude """ if self.preferred_magnitude_id is None: return None return self.preferred_magnitude_id.get_referred_object()
[docs] def preferred_focal_mechanism(self): """ Returns the preferred focal mechanism """ if self.preferred_focal_mechanism_id is None: return None return self.preferred_focal_mechanism_id.get_referred_object()
[docs] def plot(self, kind=[['ortho', 'beachball'], ['p_sphere', 's_sphere']], subplot_size=4.0, show=True, outfile=None, **kwargs): """ Plot event location and/or the preferred focal mechanism and radiation pattern. :type kind: list of str or nested list of str :param kind: A list of strings (for a 1-row plot) or a nested list of strings (one list of strings per row), with the following keywords to generate a matplotlib figure: * ``'ortho'`` (Orthographic plot of event location see :meth:`~obspy.core.event.catalog.Catalog.plot`) * ``'global'`` (Global plot of event location see :meth:`~obspy.core.event.catalog.Catalog.plot`) * ``'local'`` (Local plot of event location see :meth:`~obspy.core.event.catalog.Catalog.plot`) * ``'beachball'`` (Beachball of preferred focal mechanism) * ``'p_quiver'`` (quiver plot of p wave farfield) * ``'s_quiver'`` (quiver plot of s wave farfield) * ``'p_sphere'`` (surface plot of p wave farfield) * ``'s_sphere'`` (surface plot of s wave farfield) :type subplot_size: float :param subplot_size: Width/height of one single subplot cell in inches. :type show: bool :param show: Whether to show the figure after plotting or not. Can be used to do further customization of the plot before showing it. Has no effect if `outfile` is specified. :type outfile: str :param outfile: Output file path to directly save the resulting image (e.g. ``"/tmp/image.png"``). Overrides the ``show`` option, image will not be displayed interactively. The given path/filename is also used to automatically determine the output format. Supported file formats depend on your matplotlib backend. Most backends support png, pdf, ps, eps and svg. Defaults to ``None``. The figure is closed after saving it to file. :returns: Figure instance with the plot. .. rubric:: Examples Default plot includes an orthographic map plot, a beachball plot and plots of P/S farfield radiation patterns (preferred -- or first -- focal mechanism has to have a moment tensor set). >>> from obspy import read_events >>> event = read_events("/path/to/CMTSOLUTION")[0] >>> event.plot() # doctest:+SKIP .. plot:: from obspy import read_events event = read_events("/path/to/CMTSOLUTION")[0] event.plot() Individual subplot parts and the setup of the grid of subplots (rows/columns) can be specified by using certain keywords, see `kind` parameter description. >>> event.plot(kind=[['global'], ... ['p_sphere', 'p_quiver']]) # doctest:+SKIP .. plot:: from obspy import read_events event = read_events("/path/to/CMTSOLUTION")[0] event.plot(kind=[['global'], ['p_sphere', 'p_quiver']]) """ import matplotlib.pyplot as plt try: fm = self.preferred_focal_mechanism() or self.focal_mechanisms[0] mtensor = fm.moment_tensor.tensor except (IndexError, AttributeError) as e: msg = "Could not access event's moment tensor ({}).".format(str(e)) raise ValueError(msg) mt = [mtensor.m_rr, mtensor.m_tt, mtensor.m_pp, mtensor.m_rt, mtensor.m_rp, mtensor.m_tp] fig, axes, kind_ = _setup_figure_and_axes(kind, subplot_size=subplot_size) if any([k_ in ("ortho", "global", "local") for k_ in kind_]): from .catalog import Catalog cat_ = Catalog([self]) for ax, kind__ in zip(axes, kind_): if kind__ in ("ortho", "global", "local"): cat_.plot(projection=kind__, fig=ax, show=False, **kwargs) # shrink plot a bit to avoid it looking oversized compared to # 3d axes that have some white space around them if kind__ == "ortho": scale = 0.8 for getter, setter in zip((ax.get_xlim, ax.get_ylim), (ax.set_xlim, ax.set_ylim)): min_, max_ = getter() margin = (max_ - min_) * (1 - scale) / 2.0 setter(min_ - margin, max_ + margin) plot_radiation_pattern( mt, kind=kind, coordinate_system='RTP', fig=fig, show=False) fig.tight_layout(pad=0.1) if outfile: fig.savefig(outfile) plt.close(fig) else: if show: plt.show() return fig
@rlock
[docs] def __deepcopy__(self, memodict=None): """ reset resource_id's object_id after deep copy to allow the object specific behavior of get_referred_object """ memodict = memodict or {} cls = self.__class__ result = cls.__new__(cls) memodict[id(self)] = result for k, v in self.__dict__.items(): setattr(result, k, copy.deepcopy(v, memodict)) result.resource_id.bind_resource_ids() # bind all resource_ids return result
[docs] def write(self, filename, format, **kwargs): """ Saves event information into a file. :type filename: str :param filename: The name of the file to write. :type format: str :param format: The file format to use (e.g. ``"QUAKEML"``). See :meth:`Catalog.write()` for a list of supported formats. :param kwargs: Additional keyword arguments passed to the underlying plugin's writer method. .. rubric:: Example >>> from obspy import read_events >>> event = read_events()[0] # doctest: +SKIP >>> event.write("example.xml", format="QUAKEML") # doctest: +SKIP """ from .catalog import Catalog Catalog(events=[self]).write(filename, format, **kwargs)
__EventDescription = _event_type_class_factory( "__EventDescription", class_attributes=[("text", str), ("type", EventDescriptionType)])
[docs]class EventDescription(__EventDescription): """ Free-form string with additional event description. This can be a well-known name, like 1906 San Francisco Earthquake. A number of categories can be given in type. :type text: str, optional :param text: Free-form text with earthquake description. :type type: str, optional :param type: Category of earthquake description. See :class:`~obspy.core.event.header.EventDescriptionType` for allowed values. .. note:: For handling additional information not covered by the QuakeML standard and how to output it to QuakeML see the :ref:`ObsPy Tutorial <quakeml-extra>`. """
if __name__ == '__main__': import doctest doctest.testmod(exclude_empty=True)